Прим.: такие же действия могут выражаться формой Past Continuous.

Task 9. Перепишите текст в Past Simple:

On Tuesday I get up at half past six. I go to the bathroom and wash my hands and face and clean my teeth. Then I dress, go to the kitchen and cook breakfast for my family. At half past seven my son Прим.: такие же действия могут выражаться формой Past Continuous. gets up and has breakfast. I have breakfast with my son. My son eats a sandwich and drinks a cup of tea. I don't drink tea. I drink coffee. After Breakfast my son leaves home for school.

ПЗ 17.a) Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present либо Past Simple Прим.: такие же действия могут выражаться формой Past Continuous..

1. My friend (to know) Spanish very well. 2. Who (to ring) you up an hour ago? 3. He (to live) on the third floor. 4. It (to take) you long to find his house yesterday? 5. When your lessons (to be) over on Monday? 6. I (to have) dinner with my family yesterday. 7. Her friends (to Прим.: такие же действия могут выражаться формой Past Continuous. be) ready at five o'clock. 8. One of her brothers (to make) a tour of Europe last summer. 9. Queen Elizabeth II (to be) born in 1926. She (to become) Queen of England in 1952. 10. You always (to get) up at seven o'clock? — No, sometimes I (to get) up Прим.: такие же действия могут выражаться формой Past Continuous. at half past seven.

b) Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present, Past либо Future Simple.

1.I (to go) to bed at ten o'clock every day. 2. I (to go) to bed at ten o'clock yesterday. 3. I (to go) to bed at ten o'clock tomorrow. 4. I (not to Прим.: такие же действия могут выражаться формой Past Continuous. go) to the cinema every day. 5. I (not to go) to the cinema yesterday. 6. I (not to go) to the cinema tomorrow. 7. You (to watch) TV every day? 8. You (to watch) TV yesterday? 9. You (to watch) TV tomorrow? 10. When you (to leave) home for school every day? 11. When you (to Прим.: такие же действия могут выражаться формой Past Continuous. leave) home for school yesterday? 12. When you (to leave) home for school tomorrow? 13. My brother (to go) to work every day. Yesterday he (not to go) to work. 14. What you (to buy) at the shop yesterday? -I (to buy) a book. 15. Yesterday my father (not to read) newspapers because he (to Прим.: такие же действия могут выражаться формой Past Continuous. be) very busy. He (to read) newspapers tomorrow.

Passive Voice

Task 4. Study the information about the Passive Voice (Пассивный залог).

Если подлежащее в предложении само совершает действие (я иду, он отрисовывают, мы приобрели, они будут лететь), то употребляется активный залог. Если же над подлежащим совершают что-то, его подвергают воздействию (деревья Прим.: такие же действия могут выражаться формой Past Continuous. сажают, воду налили, меня пригласили, нас поведут), употребляется пассивная (страдательная) конструкция. Пассивный залог употребляется, когда исполнитель деяния очевиден либо несуществен, либо когда действие либо его итог более увлекательны, чем исполнитель.

Passive Voice появляется с помощью вспомогательного глагола to be в соответственном времени, лице и числе и третьей формы Прим.: такие же действия могут выражаться формой Past Continuous. смыслового глагола:

В страдательном залоге употребляются предлоги by, with, 1-ый из которых указывает, что действие совершает одушевленное подлежащее, а 2-ой — неодушевленное.

Eg.: The nuts were loosened by Tom with a spanner. – Гайки были откручены (кем?) Томом (чем?) гаечным ключом.

Simple Continuous Perfect
Present space is explored space is being explored Прим.: такие же действия могут выражаться формой Past Continuous. space has been explored
Past space was explored space was being explored space had been explored
Future space will be explored --- space will have been explored

Task 5.Fill in the gaps using prepositions by or with.

1. The hall was decorated … pink balloons. 2. The roof of the church will be Прим.: такие же действия могут выражаться формой Past Continuous. repaired … local people. 3. This material has been already published … Cambridge University Press. 4. The house was built … money that he had borrowed from the bank. 5. When the accident happened, the car was brought … police.

Task 6. Use the verbs in Present, Past либо Future Simple Passive.

1. Bread (to eat) every Прим.: такие же действия могут выражаться формой Past Continuous. day. 2. The letter (to receive) yesterday. 3. Nick (to send) to Moscow next week. 4. I (to ask) at the lesson yesterday. 5.I (to give) a very interesting book at the library last Friday. 6. Many houses (to build) in our town every year. 7. This work (to do) tomorrow. 8. This text (to translate) at Прим.: такие же действия могут выражаться формой Past Continuous. the last lesson. 9. These trees (to plant) last autumn. 10. Hockey (to play) in winter. 12. Many houses (to burn) during the Great Fire of London in 1666.

ПЗ. Task 7. Change these sentences into Passive Voice.

1. I bought potatoes yesterday. 2. We shall bring the books tomorrow. 3. They are repairing the clock Прим.: такие же действия могут выражаться формой Past Continuous. now. 4. They sell milk in this shop. 5. I have translated the whole text. 6. They broke the window last week. 7. When I came home, they had eaten the sweets. 8. We shall do the work in the evening. 9. He wrote this book in the 19th century. 10. By six o'clock they had Прим.: такие же действия могут выражаться формой Past Continuous. finished the work. 11. They will show this film on TV. 12. They have мейд a number of important experiments in this laboratory.

ПЗ Task 10. Change these sentences into passive.

1. Nobody has used this room for ages. 2. We will give you the keys tomorrow. 3. Someone is interviewing Dr Johnson at Прим.: такие же действия могут выражаться формой Past Continuous. the moment. 4. By the time I arrived, someone had already opened all your letters. 5. We usually talk briefly about the problems of the family at dinner time. 6. Alexander Graham Bell patented his invention of the telephone in 1876. 7. German engineer Karl Benz produced the first petrol driven car in Прим.: такие же действия могут выражаться формой Past Continuous. 1885. 8. Charles Babbage designed a form of computer in the mid-1830s.


Speaking practice


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